Anna Zalewska, O kobiecie, która zamieniła się w diabła



About a Woman Who Changed into a Devil – Interpretations of the Hashihime motif in Japanese literature
The motif of the hashihime, the bridge maiden, has been present in Japanese  literature  since  the  Heian  period  (794–1192). Hashihime can  be  a  common woman or a deity, but what those characters have in common is that they wait for an unfaithful, in most versions, male, and the feelings of rancor and jealousy.  The  fierce  flush  of  those  emotions  makes  it  so  that  the  woman changes into a devil, or asks the deities to help her change into one, so that she can take revenge on the man. This motif was used in tanka poetry, in the  anecdotes setsuwa,  and  in monogatari written  during  the  Muromachi period (1333–1560), it also found an interesting continuation through Noh theater. In the article the author tries to show changes in the motif, with focus on a variety of the woman’s feelings and motivations.