Agnieszka Kozyra, Religijny kult góry Fuji w Japonii



Agnieszka Kozyra

The Religious Cult of Mount Fuji in Japan


The author describes the history of the religious cult of Mount Fuji starting from archeological discoveries and court chronicles. She points out that the beginnings of pilgrimages to Mount Fuji were connected to the Shinto–Buddhist school of The Way of Mountain Asceticism (Shugendō). Asama/Sengen, believed to be the deity of Mount Fuji, was indentified as the cosmic Dainichi Buddha (Sanskr. Mahāvairoćana), later also connected to Amida Buddha (Sanskr. Amitabha) as well as Miroku Bodhisattva (Sanskr. Maitreya). The Buddhist influence is also visible in the religious doctrine of the Fujikō movement, and especially in the Fujidō faction, founded by Jikigyō Miroku (1671–1733). After the issue of the decree of Buddhist-Shinto separation in 1868, all Buddhist elements were nearly erased from the Fuji pilgrimage routes and nearby places of worship, and the sacred mountain became a symbol of Japan tied only to the native Shinto religion.