Yōko Fujii-Karpoluk, Okinawa zangetsuki (Księżyc nad Okinawą).



Yōko Fujii-Karpoluk, Okinawa Zangetsuki (Moon over Okinawa). War and solace in Noh theater

In July 2011, at the National Theater Okinawa, a new-Noh-play (shinsaku nō) entitled Okinawa Zangetsuki (Moon over Okinawa) was performed. The author of the play is the late doctor and writer Tada Tomio (1934–2010). The story revolves around the divulgence of a mother whose child was killed in the fights between Japanese and American soldiers during World War II. For the author of the article, the analysis of the play is a departure point for deliberations on Noh plays centered on the topic of conflict and unrest. In the Muromachi period (1336–1560) the authors writing Noh plays often resorted to warfare themes. The most prominent of Noh founders, Zeami (1363–1443), took interest in the great heroic poem Heike Monogatari (The Tale of Heike). Scenes of warriors fighting started to appear on the stage. Themes were also taken from other heroic poems (gunki monogatari) from the 13th and 14th centuries. The Noh plays  based on them are called shura mono (plays about the spirits of deceased warriors). The war and solace are to this day some of the most essential toposes in Noh dramaturgy.